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First and foremost, please allow me to explain what's happening with this post. For those of you who don't know, we've been doing audio podcasts for about a year now. We originally started the podcast thinking that some people might prefer listening to their grief support over reading, and the idea of doing videos sprang from the same logic. We aren't completely stepping away from audio podcasts, we've simply decided to mix things up with the occasional video. You can stay up to date with these by subscribing to our podcast or by following the What's Your Grief YouTube Channel.
Now, here's where I self-deprecate and ask you to forgive the fact that we're awkward, woefully backlit, and seem to have forgotten the value of brushing our hair. This was our first go-round and a jump-in-head-first-on-a-Saturday-afternoon kind of impulse. We PROMISE to improve, learn, grow, and (maybe) brush our hair. Okay, here we go.
Being There for Grieving Friends and Family: Support vs. Comfort
We believe it indicates people want to be there for their grieving friends and family, but they aren't sure how. If you don't want to believe us, believe the research that suggests a major reason why people don't receive helpful support after the death of a loved one is because people simply don't know how to provide it. This experience is illustrated by Barle, Wortman, & Latack in their article Traumatic Bereavement: Basic Research and Clinical Implications:
"Bereaved people report that others frequently avoid them or make comments that are intended to be helpful, but are, in fact, deeply wounding (Dyregrov, 2003-2004). Such comments include blocking discussion of the loss or the display of feelings (e.g., "You need to be strong for your children"), minimizing the problem (e.g., "At least he's not a vegetable"), invoking a religious or philosophical perspective (e.g., "She's a flower in God's garden"), giving advice (e.g., "You should not be going to the cemetery every day"), and claiming to know how the survivor feels (e.g., "I know how you feel-I lost my second cousin").Dyregrov, 2003-2004
This is such a sad reality when you consider that effective social support can reduce the emotional and physical toll of grief and helps people to feel loved cared for, and less alone. So we have people who want to be helpful on one side of the street, and people who could use a little help on the other side of the street, but no one's crossing over. What's the big deal? Why can't we figure out how to bring these two sides together?
Well, the way we see it there are two challenges:
Challenge #1: Many times caring friends and family want the safety of knowing they are doing or saying the right thing. And who can blame them? No one wants to be the cause of another person's horror story or awkward moment. In the absence of certainty, many people either panic and stick their foot in their mouth or they say nothing at all. Unfortunately, we don't have a magic solution (although we do have a resource). We can't tell anyone precisely what to say or do, mostly due to Challenge #2.
Challenge #2: No two people grieve in exactly the same way. Different people face different challenges depending on the person who has died, secondary losses, coping style, interpersonal style, strengths, weaknesses, etc. We can't provide black-and-white answers; we wish we could for everyone's sake.
What we can offer, however, is a framework to help keep you conceptualize your role as a supportive friend and/or family ember. We've laid this framework out before in the article, Grief Support vs. Comfort: A Pro-Tip for the Compassionate and Caring. Basically, what it says is that before attempting to console or care for someone who is grieving, you must first repeat the following phrase to yourself in the mirror 10 times:
"I do not want to provide comfort.
I want to provide support."
What the difference? Well, comfort implies a desire to free someone from their pain and make them feel less unhappy, while support implies a desire to provide assistance and help. Over the years you've probably gotten good at the comfort bit (we all have) so, when you approach someone who is grieving, your first inclination may be to fall back on words of optimism. You really want to take away their pain away and so you find yourself saying things that look for a silver lining and which begin with “at least”. Platitudes, "at leasts", and inspiring statements may be well intentioned, but they often minimize the gravity of a person's loss and make it seem as though you either don't care or aren't paying attention to the reality that is standing right in front of you.
Instead of attempting to comfort the person who's grieving, we recommend focusing on what you can do to help support them in moving forward through the pain. Try starting with the following three steps:
"I do not want to provide comfort.
I want to provide support."
- What type of support is appropriate considering the closeness and/or tone of my relationship with the person who's grieving?
- What does my friend or family member seem to need (i.e., emotional support, logistical support, both?)
- What am I good at? What am I most capable of providing? What unique strengths do I have that could be helpful?
3. When All Else Fails:
- Show genuine caring and compassion:
- No one knows the perfect thing to say, so stop stressing.
- Focus on treating the person with caring and compassion. Sometimes this is as simple as asking how the person is doing and then actually listening to what they have to say.
- Provide concrete assistance:
- It’s tempting to ask the person who's grieving to let you know what they need, but it’s far more useful to offer specific help.
- Consider a list of things you can do and then just go ahead and offer. They can always say no.
- Actively listen:
- Talking to someone who will simply listen is sometimes precisely what a person needs.
- You may feel like you need to provide answers, but often just having the opportunity to talk things out can help someone organize their thoughts and feelings.
- Be present:
- Without hovering, be available to the griever by letting them know they can call at any time and by casually check in once in a while.
- Follow their cues. If they don’t want to talk or if they don’t take you up on your offers, that's okay.
- Grief lasts forever and people often continue to struggle for months and years after a death.
- Continue to check in sporadically, especially on days that might be hard like birthdays, anniversaries, Mother's Day or Father's Day, milestones and special events. This will send the message that you understand and accept their enduring pain.
- Don't be afraid to remember the person who has died by saying their name and sharing memories of them.
Sometimes the best way to help people support you is to tell them what you need. If you agree with what we've said in this post (and video), we encourage you to share it with those who could benefit.
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