Experiencing the death of a loved one can throw a person all out of whack, am I right? Grief is known to impact physical, emotional and cognitive function and can make it difficult for you to concentrate, focus, and function. It can also cause you to feel excessively negative, lost, overwhelmed, and stuck. With this in mind, Litsa and I have decided to start a new category of posts intended at providing quick and practical ways for people to slowly find more balance and control in their lives. Full disclosure, both Litsa and I want to find more balance and control in our own lives, so we’ll be right along side you on this journey.
Today I want to start off on our quest to be more well balanced, effective, and mindful people by discussing the power of lists and journals. There are numerous ways that writing lists and keeping daily records can help with emotional, physical, and cognitive function; so many that we can’t discuss them all here. Instead, we’re going to talk about a few that we see as being particularly helpful – the rest is up to you.
The ‘to-do’ list:
The classic ‘to-do’ list seems so simple and old school, yet these types of lists can be helpful regardless of how you use them. Raise your hand if you’ve heard of the zeigarnik effect. Anyone? Yeah, me either before today. Anyway, the zeigarnik effect states that people have a tendency to experience intrusive thoughts about tasks that are left incomplete. In other words, the zeigarnik effect explains why you can’t stop thinking about the unfolded piles of laundry and unfinished school papers, work projects, yard work, and house repairs. Yikes, how annoying!
Here’s the good news, in 2011 reasearchers Baumeister and Masicampo conducted a study that showed to-do lists might help to counteract these nagging thoughts. In their study they found that participants did poorly on a brainstorming task when they were prevented from finishing a simple warm up task. The reason? They couldn’t stop thinking about the unfinished task. However, when participants were allowed to make plans to finish their warm-up task (just make the plans, not actually finish), then they no longer experienced intrusive thoughts and could complete the brainstorming task without distraction. So, the simple act of planning allowed people to think more clearly.
This makes sense to me, because I never actually use to-do lists for anything beyond planning. For me, what is most helpful is getting a grasp of what I have to do and how I’m going to do it. This is especially helpful when I begin to feel overwhelmed because creating a list helps put things into perspective. That being said, plenty of people use their to-do lists on an ongoing basis as a guide as they accomplish tasks and take on new ‘to-do’s’. So, the to-do list can be effective regardless of whether you use it to plan, to stay on track, or to remember.
If you tend to have difficulty organizing your to-do list, check out this post on 10 unusual ways to make your to-do list actually doable.
The ‘not-to-do’ list:
The purpose of a ‘not-to-do’ list is to keep you focused on the tasks that actually matter. What types of things prevent you from accomplishing your goals around work, family, self-care, grief, and personal health? Do you have habits that interfere with getting things done? Do you take on too much? Do you focus on low-level tasks on your to-do list instead of working on more challenging tasks? Do you prioritize other people’s feelings and desires before your own? The idea behind a ‘not-to-do’ list is to identify the things that get in your way and then put them on your ‘not-to-do-list’. For example, I might put the following on my ‘not-to-do’ list:
The one-sentence journal:
How many of you have resolved to keep a regular journal and then failed? How many of you have actually gone to the trouble of buying a journal with a beautiful cover and nice blank pages, but then never made a single entry. When it comes to journaling, many of us have the best of intentions but we never follow through because writing in a journal requires time and stuff.
I recently started listening to author of, The Happiness Project, Gretchen Rubin’s podcast, Happier. In one of the first episodes she discusses keeping a one-sentence journal. Her reasons for choosing the one-sentence journal reflect the same conflicted relationship many of us have with journaling – she wants to remember and record her days, but the idea of keeping an actual journal seems far too intimidating.
I like this idea for people who are grieving for a few reasons. First, it’s mentally and emotionally beneficial to get your feelings out on paper, yet when you are at your lowest the thought of filling a whole page can feel like, meh. However, the thought of writing one to three sentences may seem far more manageable. Who knows, on the right day one to three sentences may turn into one or two paragraphs. Second, the one sentence journal can provide perspective in a way that is not loaded with emotion. It’s great to be able to look back on your grief journey to see how much you’ve changed an grown, yet many people cringe at the thought of reading emotionally laden journal entries. The one sentence journal is a quick and easy reflection of where you were a year, month, week, or day ago.
If you’re interested in keeping a one-sentence journal you can either create your own, buy Gretchen Rubin’s through Amazon, or try the ‘Day One’ app.
The mood journal:
Grief can cause people to feel overwhelmed by intense emotions, which can be a confusing experience for a few reasons:
- You may experience emotions you’ve never felt before and which you aren’t sure how to handle
- This may be the first time you experience such intense emotions
- As your grief changes, your emotions change as well
Such an emotional experience can be scary and people commonly feel as though their feelings are in complete control.
A mood journal can prove a helpful tool for people who want to gain further understanding and better control of their emotions. A mood journal can be especially helpful in identifying grief triggers and gaining better understanding of your grief waves. Keeping a mood journal is simple and you can do it on paper, on your computer, or on your phone. Try and journal your moods regularly (daily) and not just when you’re feeling bad; by doing this you can literally see when you’re starting to have more good days than bad. A few things you may want to record include:
- The date and time
- Your mood
- Any external triggers you can identify
- Any internal thoughts or memories that might have led to the mood
- Any other information about your feelings that you wish to write about
The gratitude journal:
Last but not least, we highly recommend the gratitude journal. We recently wrote about how seeing the world through the ‘grief lens‘ can make life seem really gray, and when you feel bad about life, you’re more likely to see things that confirm your negative feelings.
The idea behind the gratitude journal is that by challenging yourself to go out into the world to find at least one positive thing, you are asking yourself to see positive instead of negative. In 2003, Michael McCullough and Robert Emmons conducted a study where participants were asked to keep a weekly journal for nine weeks. The participants were randomly placed into three different diary groups; in the first group participants were asked to record up to five things they were grateful or thankful for, in the second group participants were asked to think back on the day and record at least five hassles that occurred in their lives, finally the third group was asked to just record the days events. Despite journaling only once a week, participants in the grateful group reported increased well-being, better health, they exercised more, felt life was better, and had increased optimism.
Even though we know it can sometimes be hard to see anything positive, we encourage you to consider keeping some sort of gratitude journal for a week or two. If you need inspiration, we have tons of articles about finding gratitude in your grief.
Remember when I said this was going to be a quick post? Ha! You made it this far though, so subscribe to receive future grief hacks straight to your inbox.